Sunday, May 11, 2008

Birds of Berrien County, Michigan

Of the approximately 435 species of birds (Class Aves) known from the State of Michigan, a nominal 333 species (representing 17 orders, 52 families, and 182 genera) have been recorded in Berrien County; 237 are of regular occurrence (as year-round or summer residents, with breeding confirmed for 119 species and suspected for an additional 30; winter residents; or migrants), 35 are casual, 59 are accidental, 1 is extirpated, 1 is extinct, and 8 are introduced (i.e., their presence is the result of direct or indirect human intervention).

In the list below, species followed by an asterisk (*) are known with certainty to have nested in the county at least once, while species followed by a plus sign (+) are suspected of having nested in the county. Species of regular occurrence have either been recorded in 9 of the last 10 years or have been recorded 30 or more times in the last 10 years. Casual species are not regular, but have been recorded 4 or more times in the last 10 years, while Accidental species are represented by 3 or fewer records in the last 10 years. The list is based primarily on “The birds of Berrien Co., MI,” by Jon Wuepper (Michigan Birds and Natural History 8:165-183, 2001), supplemented by the Berrien County Parks Commission’s “Daily field checklist” (January 2006). Taxonomy and nomenclature follow the ABA Checklist Update (Version 6.8, November 2007).

Family Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Swans):
  • Anser albifrons, Greater White-fronted Goose [Casual]
  • Chen caerulescens, Snow Goose
  • Chen rossii, Ross’s Goose [Accidental]
  • Branta bernicla, Brant [Accidental]
  • Branta hutchinsii, Cackling Goose [Casual]
  • Branta canadensis, Canada Goose*
  • Cygnus olor, Mute Swan* [Introduced]
  • Cygnus buccinator, Trumpeter Swan [Accidental]
  • Cygnus columbiana, Tundra Swan
  • Aix sponsa, Wood Duck*
  • Anas strepera, Gadwall
  • Anas penelope, Eurasian Wigeon [Accidental]
  • Anas americana, American Wigeon
  • Anas rubripes, American Black Duck*
  • Anas platyrhynchos, Mallard*
  • Anas discors, Blue-winged Teal*
  • Anas clypeata, Northern Shoveler
  • Anas acuta, Northern Pintail
  • Anas crecca, Green-winged Teal
  • Aythya valisineria, Canvasback
  • Aythya americana, Redhead
  • Aythya collaris, Ring-necked Duck
  • Aythya marila, Greater Scaup
  • Aythya affinis, Lesser Scaup
  • Somateria spectabilis, King Eider [Accidental]
  • Histrionicus histrionicus, Harlequin Duck
  • Melanitta perspicillata, Surf Scoter
  • Melanitta fusca, White-winged Scoter
  • Melanitta nigra, Black Scoter
  • Clangula hyemalis, Long-tailed Duck [Casual]
  • Bucephala albeola, Bufflehead
  • Bucephala clangula, Common Goldeneye
  • Bucephala islandica, Barrow’s Goldeneye [Accidental]
  • Lophodytes cucullatus, Hooded Merganser+
  • Mergus merganser, Common Merganser
  • Mergus serrator, Red-breasted Merganser
  • Oxyura jamaicensis, Ruddy Duck
    Family Phasianidae (Grouse, Turkeys):
  • Phasianus colchicus, Ring-necked Pheasant* [Introduced]
  • Bonasa umbellas, Ruffed Grouse*
  • Tympanuchus cupido, Greater Prairie-Chicken [Extirpated}
  • Meleagris gallopavo, Wild Turkey*

    Family Odontophoridae (New World Quail):
  • Colinus virginianus, Northern Bobwhite* [Introduced?]
    Family Gaviidae (Loons):
  • Gavia stellata, Red-throated Loon
  • Gavia pacifica, Pacific Loon [Accidental]
  • Gavia immer, Common Loon+
    Family Podicipedidae (Grebes):
  • Podilymbus podiceps, Pied-billed Grebe*
  • Podiceps auritus, Horned Grebe
  • Podiceps grisegena, Red-necked Grebe [Casual]
  • Podiceps nigricollis, Eared Grebe [Casual]
  • Aechmophorus occidentalis, Western Grebe [Casual]
    Family Pelecanidae (Pelicans):
  • Pelecanus erythrorhynchos, American White Pelican [Casual]
  • Pelecanus occidentalis, Brown Pelican [Accidental]

    Family Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants):
  • Phalacrocorax auritus, Double-crested Cormorant

    Family Fregatidae (Frigatebirds):
  • Fregatta spp., frigatebird [Accidental]
    Family Ardeidae (Bitterns, Herons, and allies):
  • Botaurus lentiginosus, American Bittern*
  • Ixobrychus exilis, Least Bittern+ [Casual]
  • Ardea herodias, Great Blue Heron*
  • Egretta thula, Snowy Egret [Casual]
  • Egretta caerulea, Little Blue Heron [Accidental]
  • Bubulcus ibis, Cattle Egret [Casual]
  • Butorides virescens, Green Heron*
  • Nycticorax nycticorax, Black-crowned Night-Heron
  • Nyctanassa violacea, Yellow-crowned Night-Heron [Accidental]

    Family Threskiornithidae (Ibises):
  • Plegadis falcinellus, Glossy Ibis [Accidental]
  • Plegadis chihi, White-faced Ibis [Accidental]

    Family Cathartidae (New World Vultures):
  • Coragyps atratus, Black Vulture [Accidental]
  • Cathartes aura, Turkey Vulture*
    Family Accipitridae (Hawks, Kites, Eagles, and allies):
  • Pandion haliaetus, Osprey+
  • Elanoides forficatus, Swallow-tailed Kite [Accidental]
  • Ictinia mississippiensis, Mississippi Kite [Accidental]
  • Haliaeetus leucocephalus, Bald Eagle*
  • Circus cyaneus, Northern Harrier+
  • Accipiter striatus, Sharp-shinned Hawk*
  • Accipiter cooperii, Cooper’s Hawk*
  • Accipiter gentiles, Northern Goshawk [Casual]
  • Buteo lineatus, Red-shouldered Hawk*
  • Buteo platypterus, Broad-winged Hawk*
  • Buteo swainsoni, Swainson’s Hawk [Accidental]
  • Buteo jamaicensis, Red-tailed Hawk*
  • Buteo lagopus, Rough-legged Hawk
  • Aquila chrysaetos, Golden Eagle [Casual]

    Family Falconidae (Falcons):
  • Falco sparverius, American Kestrel*
  • Falco columbarius, Merlin
  • Falco rusticolus, Gyrfalcon [Accidental]
  • Falco peregrinus, Peregrine Falcon+
    Family Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, and Coots):
  • Coturnicops noveboracensis, Yellow Rail [Accidental]
  • Rallus elegans, King Rail [Accidental]
  • Rallus limicola, Virginia Rail+
  • Porzana carolina, Sora*
  • Gallinula chloropus, Common Moorhen* [Casual]
  • Fulica americana, American Coot*

    Family Gruidae (Cranes):
  • Grus canadensis, Sandhill Crane*
    Family Charadriidae (Plovers):
  • Pluvialis squatarola, Black-bellied Plover
  • Pluvialis dominica, American Golden-Plover
  • Charadrius semipalmatus, Semipalmated Plover
  • Charadrius melodus, Piping Plover* [Casual]
  • Charadrius vociferus, Killdeer*

    Family Recurvirostidae (Stilts and Avocets):
  • Recurvirostra americana, American Avocet

    Family Scolopacidae (Sandpipers, Phalaropes, and allies):
  • Tringa melanoleuca, Greater Yellowlegs
  • Trings flavipes, Lesser Yellowlegs
  • Tringa solitaria, Solitary Sandpiper
  • Catoptrophorus semipalmatus, Willet
  • Actitis macularia, Spotted Sandpiper*
  • Bartramia longicauda, Upland Sandpiper+ [Casual]
  • Numenius phaeopus, Whimbrel [Casual]
  • Limosa haemastica, Hudsonian Godwit [Accidental]
  • Limosa fedoa, Marbled Godwit [Casual]
  • Arenaria interpres, Ruddy Turnstone
  • Calidris canutus, Red Knot [Casual]
  • Calidris alba, Sanderling
  • Calidris pusilla, Semipalmated Sandpiper
  • Calidris mauri, Western Sandpiper [Accidental]
  • Calidris minutilla, Least Sandpiper
  • Calidris fusciocollis, White-rumped Sandpiper
  • Calidris bairdii, Baird’s Sandpiper
  • Calidris melanotos, Pectoral Sandpiper
  • Calidris maritima, Purple Sandpiper [Casual]
  • Calidris alpina, Dunlin
  • Calidris himantopus, Stilt Sandpiper [Casual]
  • Tryngites subruficollis, Buff-breasted Sandpiper
  • Limnodromus griseus, Short-billed Dowitcher
  • Limnodromus scolopaceus, Long-billed Dowitcher [Casual]
  • Gallinago gallinago, Common Snipe+
  • Scolopax minor, American Woodcock*
  • Phalaropus tricolor, Wilson’s Phalarope [Casual]
  • Phalaropus lobatus, Red-necked Phalarope [Accidental]
  • Phalaropus fulicaria, Red Phalarope [Accidental]

    Family Laridae (Gulls and Terns):
  • Larus atricilla, Laughing Gull [Casual]
  • Larus pipixcan, Franklin’s Gull [Casual]
  • Larus minutus, Little Gull
  • Larus ridibundus, Black-headed Gull [Accidental]
  • Larus philadelphia, Bonaparte’s Gull
  • Larus canus, Mew Gull [Accidental]
  • Larus delawarensis, Ring-billed Gull
  • Larus californicus, California Gull [Accidental]
  • Larus argentatus, Herring Gull
  • Larus thayeri, Thayer’s Gull
  • Larus glaucoides, Iceland Gull [Casual]
  • Larus fuscus, Lesser Black-backed Gull
  • Larus hyperboreus, Glaucous Gull
  • Larus marinus, Great Black-backed Gull
  • Xema sabini, Sabine’s Gull [Casual]
  • Rissa tridactyla, Black-legged Kittiwake [Casual]
  • Sternula antillarum, Least Tern [Accidental]
  • Hydroprogne caspia, Caspian Tern
  • Chlidonias niger, Black Tern+
  • Sterna dougallii, Roseate Tern [Accidental]
  • Sterna hirundo, Common Tern
  • Sterna paradisaea, Arctic Tern [Accidental]
  • Sterna forsteri, Forster’s Tern
  • Thalasseus sandvicensis, Sandwich Tern [Accidental]

    Family Stercorariidae (Jaegers):
  • Stercorarius pomarinus, Pomarine Jaeger [Accidental]
  • Stercorarius parasiticus, Parasitic Jaeger [Casual]
  • Stercorarius longicaudus, Long-tailed Jaeger [Accidental]
    Family Columbidae (Pigeons and Doves):
  • Columba livia, Rock Pigeon* [Introduced]
  • Columba fasciata, Band-tailed Pigeon [Accidental]
  • Streptopelia decaocto, Eurasian Collared-Dove [Accidental & Introduced]
  • Zenaida macroura, Mourning Dove*
  • Ectopistes migratorius, Passenger Pigeon* [Extinct]
    Family Cuculidae (Cuckoos and Anis):
  • Coccyzus americanus, Yellow-billed Cuckoo*
  • Coccyzus erythropthalmus, Black-billed Cuckoo*
  • Crotophaga sp., ani [Accidental]
    Family Tytonidae (Barn Owls):
  • Tyto alba, Barn Owl* [Accidental]

    Family Strigidae (Typical Owls):
  • Otus asio, Eastern Screech-Owl*
  • Bubo virginianus, Great Horned Owl*
  • Bubo scandiaca, Snowy Owl
  • Athene cunicularia, Burrowing Owl [Accidental]
  • Strix varia, Barred Owl*
  • Asio otus, Long-eared Owl [Casual]
  • Asio flammeus, Short-eared Owl
  • Aegolius acadicus, Northern Saw-whet Owl [Casual]
    Family Caprimulgidae (Goadsuckers):
  • Chordeiles minor, Common Nighthawk*
  • Caprimulgus carolinensis, Chuck-will’s-widow [Accidental]
  • Caprimulgus vociferous, Whip-poor-will*
    Family Apodidae (Swifts):
  • Chaeturus pelagica, Chimney Swift*

    Family Trochilidae (Hummingbirds):
  • Archilochus colubris, Ruby-throated Hummingbird*
  • Selasphorus rufus, Rufous Hummingbird [Casual]
    Family Alcedinidae (Kingfishers):
  • Ceryle alcyon, Belted Kingfisher*
    Family Picidae (Woodpeckers and allies):
  • Melanerpes erythrocephalus, Red-headed Woodpecker*
  • Melanerpes carolinus, Red-bellied Woodpecker*
  • Sphyrapicus varius, Yellow-bellied Sapsucker+
  • Picoides pubescens, Downy Woodpecker*
  • Picoides villosus, Hairy Woodpecker*
  • Colaptes auratus, Northern Flicker*
  • Dryocopus pileatus, Pileated Woodpecker*
    Family Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers):
  • Contopus cooperi, Olive-sided Flycatcher
  • Contopus virens, Eastern Wood-Pewee*
  • Empidonax flaviventris, Yellow-bellied Flycatcher
  • Empidonax virescens, Acadian Flycatcher*
  • Empidonax alnorum, Alder Flycatcher+
  • Empidonax traillii, Willow Flycatcher*
  • Empidonax minimus, Least Flycatcher*
  • Sayornis phoebe, Eastern Phoebe*
  • Myiarchus crinitus, Great Crested Flycatcher
  • Tyrannus verticalis, Western Kingbird [Casual]
  • Tyrannus tyrannus, Eastern Kingbird*
  • Tyrannus forficatus, Scissor-tailed Flycatcher [Accidental]

    Family Laniidae (Shrikes):
  • Lanius ludovicianus, Loggerhead Shrike+ [Accidental]
  • Lanius excubitor, Northern Shrike

    Family Vireonidae (Vireos):
  • Vireo griseus, White-eyed Vireo*
  • Vireo bellii, Bell’s Vireo [Accidental]
  • Vireo flavifrons, Yellow-throated Vireo+
  • Vireo gilvus, Warbling Vireo*
  • Vireo philadelphicus, Philadelphia Vireo
  • Vireo olivaceus, Red-eyed Vireo*

    Family Corvidae (Jays and Crows):
  • Cyanocitta cristata, Blue Jay*
  • Corvus brachyrhynchos, American Crow*
  • Corvus corax, Common Raven+ [Accidental]

    Family Alaudidae (Larks):
  • Eremophila alpestris, Horned Lark*

    Family Hirundinidae (Swallows):
  • Progne subis, Purple Martin*
  • Tachycineta bicolor, Tree Swallow*
  • Stelgidopteryx serripennis, Northern Rough-winged Swallow*
  • Riparia riparia, Bank Swallow*
  • Petrochelidon pyrrhonota, Cliff Swallow*
  • Hirundo rustica, Barn Swallow*

    Family Paridae (Chickadees and Titmice):
  • Poecile atricapillus, Black-capped Chickadee*
  • Poecile hudsonicus, Boreal Chickadee [Accidental]
  • Baeolophus bicolor, Tufted Titmouse*

    Family Sittidae (Nuthatches):
  • Sitta canadensis, Red-breasted Nuthatch+
  • Sitta carolinensis, White-breasted Nuthatch*

    Family Certhiidae (Creepers):
  • Certhia americana, Brown Creeper+

    Family Troglodytidae (Wrens):
  • Thryothorus ludovicianus, Carolina Wren*
  • Thryomanes bewickii, Bewick’s Wren+ [Accidental]
  • Troglodytes aedon, House Wren*
  • Troglodytes troglodytes, Winter Wren
  • Cistothorus platensis, Sedge Wren+
  • Cistothorus palustris, Marsh Wren*

    Family Regulidae (Kinglets):
  • Regulus satrapa, Golden-crowned Kinglet
  • Regulus calendula, Ruby-crowned Kinglet

    Family Sylviidae (Gnatcatchers):
  • Polioptila caerulea, Blue-gray Gnatcatcher*

    Family Turdidae (Thrushes):
  • Sialia sialis, Eastern Bluebird*
  • Sialia currucoides, Mountain Bluebird [Accidental]
  • Catharus fuscescens, Veery*
  • Catharus minimus, Gray-cheeked Thrush
  • Catharus ustulatus, Swainson’s Thrush
  • Catharus guttatus, Hermit Thrush+
  • Hylocichla mustelina, Wood Thrush*
  • Turdus migratorius, American Robin*
  • Ixoreus naevius, Varied Thrush [Accidental]

    Family Mimidae (Mockingbirds and Thrashers):
  • Dumetella carolinensis, Gray Catbird*
  • Mimus polyglottos, Northern Mockinbird*
  • Toxostoma rufum, Brown Thrasher*

    Family Sturnidae (Starlings):
  • Sturnus vulgaris, European Starling* [Introduced]

    Family Motacillidae (Pipits):
  • Anthus rubescens, American Pipit

    Family Bombycillidae (Waxwings):
  • Bombycilla garrulus, Bohemian Waxwing [Accidental]
  • Bombycilla cedrorum, Cedar Waxwing*

    Family Parulidae (Wood-Warblers):
  • Vermivora pinus, Blue-winged Warbler*
  • Vermivora chrysoptera, Golden-winged Warbler+
  • Vermivora peregrina, Tennessee Warbler
  • Vermivora celata, Orange-crowned Warbler
  • Vermivora ruficapilla, Nashville Warbler
  • Parula americana, Northern Parula+
  • Dendroica petechia, Yellow Warbler*
  • Dendroica pensylvanica, Chestnut-sided Warbler+
  • Dendroica magnolia, Magnolia Warbler
  • Dendooica tigrina, Cape May Warbler
  • Dendroica caerulescens, Black-throated Blue Warbler
  • Dendroica coronata, Yellow-rumped Warbler
  • Dendroica virens, Black-throated Green Warbler*
  • Dendroica fusca, Blackburnian Warbler*
  • Dendroica dominica, Yellow-throated Warbler*
  • Dendroica pinus, Pine Warbler
  • Dendroica kirtlandii, Kirtland’s Warbler [Accidental]
  • Dendroica discolor, Prairie Warbler*
  • Dendroica palmarum, Palm Warbler
  • Dendroica castanea, Bay-breasted Warbler
  • Dendroica striata, Blackpoll Warbler
  • Dendroica cerulea, Cerulean Warbler*
  • Mniotilta varia, Black-and-white Warbler*
  • Setophaga ruticilla, American Redstart*
  • Protonotaria citrea, Worm-eating Warbler*
  • Seiurus aurocapillus, Ovenbird*
  • Seiurus noveboracensis, Northern Waterthrush
  • Seiurus motacilla, Louisiana Waterthrush*
  • Oporornis formosus, Kentucky Warbler
  • Oporornis agilis, Connecticut Warbler
  • Oporornis philadelphia, Mourning Warbler+
  • Geothlypis trichas, Common Yellowhtroat*
  • Wilsonia citrina, Hooded Warbler*
  • Wilsonia pusilla, Wilson’s Warbler
  • Icteria virens, Yellow-breasted Chat+

    Family Thraupidae (Tanagers):
  • Piranga rubra, Summer Tanager [Casual]
  • Piranga olivacea, Scarlet Tanager*
  • Piranga ludoviciana, Western Tanager [Accidental]

    Family Emberizidae (Emberizids):
  • Pipilo maculatus, Spotted Towhee [Accidental (see here)]
  • Pipilo erythrophthalmus, Eastern Towhee*
  • Spizella arborea, American Tree Sparrow
  • Spizella passerina, Chipping sparrow*
  • Spizella pallida, Clay-colored Sparrow+
  • Spizella pusilla, Field Sparrow*
  • Pooecetes grammineus, Vesper Sparrow*
  • Chondestes grammacus, Lark Sparrow+ [Accidental]
  • Calamospiza melanocorys, Lark Bunting [Accidental]
  • Passerculus sandwichensis, Savannah Sparrow*
  • Ammodramus savannarum, Grasshopper Sparrow+
  • Ammodramus henslowii, Henslow’s Sparrow+
  • Ammodramus leconteii, LeConte’s Sparrow [Accidental]
  • Passerella iliaca, Fox Sparrow
  • Melospiza melodia, Song Sparrow*
  • Melospiza lincolnii, Lincoln’s Sparrow
  • Melospiza georgiana, Swamp Sparrow*
  • Zonotrichia albicollis, White-throated Sparrow
  • Zonotrichia querula, Harris’s Sparrow [Casual]
  • Zonotrichia leucophrys, White-crowned Sparrow
  • Junco hyemalis, Dark-eyed Junco
  • Calcarius lapponicus, Lapland Longspur
  • Plectrophenax nivalis, Snow Bunting

    Family Cardinalidae (Cardinals and allies):
  • Pheucticus ludovicianus, Rose-breasted Grosbeak*
  • Guiraca caerulea, Blue Grosbeak [Accidental]
  • Passerina cyanea, Indigo Bunting*
  • Passerina ciris, Painted Bunting [Accidental]
  • Spiza americana, Dickcissel*

    Family Icteridae (Blackbirds):
  • Dolichonyx oryzivorus Bobolink*
  • Agelaius phoeniceus, Red-winged Blackbird*
  • Sturnella magna, Eastern Meadowlark*
  • Sturnella neglecta, Western Meadowlark*
  • Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus, Yellow-headed Blackbird+ [Casual]
  • Euphagus carolinas, Rusty Blackbird
  • Euphagus cyanocephalus, Brewer’s Blackbird
  • Quiscalus quiscalus, Common Grackle*
  • Molothrus ater, Brown-headed Cowbird*
  • Icterus spurius, Orchard Oriole*
  • Icterus galbula, Baltimore Oriole*

    Family Fringillidae (Finches and allies):
  • Fringilla montifringilla, Brambling [Accidental]
  • Pinicola enucleator, Pine Grosbeak [Accidental]
  • Carpodacus purpureus, Purple Finch
  • Carpodacus mexicanus, House Finch* [Introduced]
  • Loxia curvirostra, Red Crossbill [Accidental]
  • Loxia leucoptera, White-winged Crosbill [Casual]
  • Carduelis flammea, Common Redpoll
  • Carduelis hornemanni, Hoary Redpoll [Accidental]
  • Carduelis pinus, Pine Siskin
  • Carduelis tristis, American Goldfinch*
  • Coccothraustes vespertinus, Evening Grosbeak [Casual]

    Family Passeridae (Old World Sparrows)
  • Passer domesticus, House Sparrow* [Introduced]

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