Monday, May 05, 2008

Mammals of Berrien County, Michigan

Some 52 species of mammals (Class Mammalia) are known to have inhabited Berrien County, now or in the immediate past; these 50 species represent 8 orders, 17, families, and 38 genera. The starting point for this list was the Smithsonian Institution’s North American Mammals search page, to which I added >3 5 extirpated and 4 introduced species plus Homo sapiens, a dominant member of the county’s mammalian community:

Family Didelphidae (opossums):
  • Didelphis virginiana, Virginia Opossum
  • ORDER LAGOMORPHA (lagomorphs)
    Family Leporidae (rabbits):
  • Sylvilagus floridanus, Eastern Cottontail
  • ORDER RODENTIA (rodents)
    Family Diplodidae (jumping mice):
  • Zapus hudsonius, Meadow Jumping Mouse

    Family Erethizondidae (porcupines):
  • Erethizon dorsatum, Porcupine [Extirpated]

    Family Muridae (rats, mice, voles, and lemmings):
  • Microtus ochrogaster, Prairie Vole
  • Microtus pennsylvanicus, Meadow Vole
  • Microtus pinetorum, Pine Vole
  • Mus musculus, House Mouse [Introduced]
  • Ondatra zibethicus, Muskrat
  • Peromyscus leucopus, White-footed Mouse
  • Peromyscus maniculatus, Deer Mouse
  • Rattus norvegicus, Norway Rat [Introduced]
  • Synaptomys cooperi, Southern Bog Lemming

    Family Castoridae (beavers):
  • Castor canadensis, American Beaver

    Family Sciuridae (sciurids):
  • Glaucomys volans, Southern Flying Squirrel
  • Marmota monax, Woodchuck
  • Sciurus carolinensis, Eastern Gray Squirrel
  • Sciurus niger, Eastern Fox Squirrel
  • Spermophilus tridecemlineatus, Thirteen-lined Ground Squirrel
  • Tamias striatus, Eastern Chipmunk
  • Tamiasciurus hudsonicus, Red Squirrel
  • ORDER CARNIVORA (carnivores)
    Family Felidae (felines):
  • Felis catus, Domestic Cat [Introduced]
  • Puma concolor, Cougar [Extirpated]

    Family Canidae (canines):
  • Canis latrans, Coyote
  • Canis familiaris, Domestic Dog [Introduced]*
  • Canis lupus, Gray Wolf [Extirpated]
  • Urocyon cinereoargenteus, Gray Fox
  • Vulpes vulpes, Red Fox
    *Sometimes treated as a subspecies of the Gray Wolf, Canis lupis familiaris, but here treated as a separate species.

    Family Mustelidae (mustelids):
  • Mustela erminea, Ermine
  • Mustela frenata, Long-tailed Weasel
  • Mustela nivalis, Least Weasel
  • Mustela vison, American Mink
  • Taxidea taxus, American Badger

    Family Procyonidae (raccoons):
  • Procyon lotor, Raccoon

    Family Mephitidae (skunks):
  • Mephitis mephitis, Striped Skunk

    Family Ursidae (bears):
  • Ursus americanus, Black Bear [Extirpated]
  • ORDER INSECTIVORA (moles and shrews)
    Family Talpidae (moles):
  • Condylura cristata, Star-nosed Mole
  • Scalopus aquaticus, Eastern Mole

    Family Soricidae (shrews):
  • Blarina brevicauda, Northern Short-tailed Shrew
  • Cryptotis parva, Least Shrew
  • Sorex cinereus, Masked Shrew
    Family Vespertilionidae (vesper bats):
  • Eptesicus fuscus, Big Brown Bat
  • Lasionycteris noctivagans, Silver-haired Bat
  • Lasiurus borealis, Red Bat
  • Lasiurus cinereus, Hoary Bat
  • Myotis lucifugus, Little Brown Bat
  • Myotis septentrionalis, Northern Long-eared Myotis
  • Myotis sodalist, Indiana Bat
  • Nycticeius humeralis, Evening Bat
  • ORDER ARTIODACTYLA (even-toed ungulates)
    Family Cervidae (cervids):
  • Odocoileus virginianus, White-tailed Deer

    Family Bovidae (bison):
  • Bison bison, American Bison [Extirpated]
  • ORDER PRIMATES (primates)
    Family Hominidae (hominids):
  • Homo sapiens, Human

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