Tuesday, May 06, 2008

Ferns of Berrien County, Michigan

Based on information gathered from the Online Atlas of Michigan Plants, the ferns (Class Filicopsida) of Berrien County number some 25 species representing 2 orders, 7 families, and 14 genera.

To promote the use of native ferns in gardening, I highlight in the list below those species that merited “plant profiles” in Lynn M. Steiner’s book, Landscaping with native plants in Michigan, with the notation NP3 (ferns). Other notations: forests denotes a characteristic habitat where found naturally; while cover (groundcovers), rock (rock gardens), shade (shade gardens), water (water gardens), and yard (front yards) denote recommended suitable uses for natural landscaping. Nomenclature and taxonomy follow the USDA Plants Database:

ORDER OPHIOGLOSSALES
Family Ophioglossaceae (Adder’s-tongue family):
  • Botrychium disectum, cutleaf grapefern
  • Botrychium matricariifolium, matricary grapefern
  • Botrychium simplex, little grapefern
  • Botrychium virginianum, rattlesnake fern
  • ORDER POLYPODIALES
    Family Aspleniaceae (Spleenwort family):
  • Asplenium platyneuron, ebony spleenwort [NP3 forests; rock]
  • Asplenium rhizophyllum, walking fern [NP3]

    Family Blechnaceae (Chain Fern family):
  • Woodwardia virginica, Virginia chainfern

    Family Dryopteridaceae (Wood Fern family):
  • Cystopteris bulbifera, bulblet bladderfern [NP3 forests; rock, water]
  • Cystopteris tenuis, upland brittle bladderfern
  • Deparia acrostichoides, silver false spleenwort
  • Diplazium pycnocarpon, glade fern
  • Dryopteris carthusiana, spinulose woodfern
  • Dryopteris celsa, log fern
  • Dryopteris goldiana, log fern [NP3]
  • Dryopteris intermedia, intermediate woodfern [NP3]
  • Matteuccia struthiopteris, ostrich fern [NP3 forests; border, shade, water, yard]
  • Onoclea sensibilis, sensitive fern [NP3 forests; water, cover]
  • Polystichum acrostichoides, Christmas fern [NP3 forests; shade, yard]

    Family Osmundaceae (Royal Fern family):
  • Osmunda cinnamomea, cinnamon fern [NP3]
  • Osmunda claytoniana, interrupted fern [NP3]
  • Osmunda regalis, royal fern [NP3]

    Family Polypodiaceae (Polypody family):
  • Polypodium virginianum, rock polypody [NP3 rock]

    Family Thelypteridaceae (Marsh Fern family):
  • Phegopteris hexagonoptera, broad beechfern
  • Thelypteris noveboracensis, New York fern [NP3]
  • Thelypteris palustris, eastern marsh fern [NP3]
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