Sunday, May 11, 2008

Birds of Berrien County, Michigan

Of the approximately 435 species of birds (Class Aves) known from the State of Michigan, a nominal 333 species (representing 17 orders, 52 families, and 182 genera) have been recorded in Berrien County; 237 are of regular occurrence (as year-round or summer residents, with breeding confirmed for 119 species and suspected for an additional 30; winter residents; or migrants), 35 are casual, 59 are accidental, 1 is extirpated, 1 is extinct, and 8 are introduced (i.e., their presence is the result of direct or indirect human intervention).

In the list below, species followed by an asterisk (*) are known with certainty to have nested in the county at least once, while species followed by a plus sign (+) are suspected of having nested in the county. Species of regular occurrence have either been recorded in 9 of the last 10 years or have been recorded 30 or more times in the last 10 years. Casual species are not regular, but have been recorded 4 or more times in the last 10 years, while Accidental species are represented by 3 or fewer records in the last 10 years. The list is based primarily on “The birds of Berrien Co., MI,” by Jon Wuepper (Michigan Birds and Natural History 8:165-183, 2001), supplemented by the Berrien County Parks Commission’s “Daily field checklist” (January 2006). Taxonomy and nomenclature follow the ABA Checklist Update (Version 6.8, November 2007).

ORDER ANSERIFORMES
Family Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Swans):
  • Anser albifrons, Greater White-fronted Goose [Casual]
  • Chen caerulescens, Snow Goose
  • Chen rossii, Ross’s Goose [Accidental]
  • Branta bernicla, Brant [Accidental]
  • Branta hutchinsii, Cackling Goose [Casual]
  • Branta canadensis, Canada Goose*
  • Cygnus olor, Mute Swan* [Introduced]
  • Cygnus buccinator, Trumpeter Swan [Accidental]
  • Cygnus columbiana, Tundra Swan
  • Aix sponsa, Wood Duck*
  • Anas strepera, Gadwall
  • Anas penelope, Eurasian Wigeon [Accidental]
  • Anas americana, American Wigeon
  • Anas rubripes, American Black Duck*
  • Anas platyrhynchos, Mallard*
  • Anas discors, Blue-winged Teal*
  • Anas clypeata, Northern Shoveler
  • Anas acuta, Northern Pintail
  • Anas crecca, Green-winged Teal
  • Aythya valisineria, Canvasback
  • Aythya americana, Redhead
  • Aythya collaris, Ring-necked Duck
  • Aythya marila, Greater Scaup
  • Aythya affinis, Lesser Scaup
  • Somateria spectabilis, King Eider [Accidental]
  • Histrionicus histrionicus, Harlequin Duck
  • Melanitta perspicillata, Surf Scoter
  • Melanitta fusca, White-winged Scoter
  • Melanitta nigra, Black Scoter
  • Clangula hyemalis, Long-tailed Duck [Casual]
  • Bucephala albeola, Bufflehead
  • Bucephala clangula, Common Goldeneye
  • Bucephala islandica, Barrow’s Goldeneye [Accidental]
  • Lophodytes cucullatus, Hooded Merganser+
  • Mergus merganser, Common Merganser
  • Mergus serrator, Red-breasted Merganser
  • Oxyura jamaicensis, Ruddy Duck
  • ORDER GALLIFORMES
    Family Phasianidae (Grouse, Turkeys):
  • Phasianus colchicus, Ring-necked Pheasant* [Introduced]
  • Bonasa umbellas, Ruffed Grouse*
  • Tympanuchus cupido, Greater Prairie-Chicken [Extirpated}
  • Meleagris gallopavo, Wild Turkey*

    Family Odontophoridae (New World Quail):
  • Colinus virginianus, Northern Bobwhite* [Introduced?]
  • ORDER GAVIIFORMES
    Family Gaviidae (Loons):
  • Gavia stellata, Red-throated Loon
  • Gavia pacifica, Pacific Loon [Accidental]
  • Gavia immer, Common Loon+
  • ORDER PODICIPEDIFORMES
    Family Podicipedidae (Grebes):
  • Podilymbus podiceps, Pied-billed Grebe*
  • Podiceps auritus, Horned Grebe
  • Podiceps grisegena, Red-necked Grebe [Casual]
  • Podiceps nigricollis, Eared Grebe [Casual]
  • Aechmophorus occidentalis, Western Grebe [Casual]
  • ORDER PELECANIFORMES
    Family Pelecanidae (Pelicans):
  • Pelecanus erythrorhynchos, American White Pelican [Casual]
  • Pelecanus occidentalis, Brown Pelican [Accidental]

    Family Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants):
  • Phalacrocorax auritus, Double-crested Cormorant

    Family Fregatidae (Frigatebirds):
  • Fregatta spp., frigatebird [Accidental]
  • ORDER CICONIIFORMES
    Family Ardeidae (Bitterns, Herons, and allies):
  • Botaurus lentiginosus, American Bittern*
  • Ixobrychus exilis, Least Bittern+ [Casual]
  • Ardea herodias, Great Blue Heron*
  • Egretta thula, Snowy Egret [Casual]
  • Egretta caerulea, Little Blue Heron [Accidental]
  • Bubulcus ibis, Cattle Egret [Casual]
  • Butorides virescens, Green Heron*
  • Nycticorax nycticorax, Black-crowned Night-Heron
  • Nyctanassa violacea, Yellow-crowned Night-Heron [Accidental]

    Family Threskiornithidae (Ibises):
  • Plegadis falcinellus, Glossy Ibis [Accidental]
  • Plegadis chihi, White-faced Ibis [Accidental]

    Family Cathartidae (New World Vultures):
  • Coragyps atratus, Black Vulture [Accidental]
  • Cathartes aura, Turkey Vulture*
  • ORDER FALCONIIFORMES
    Family Accipitridae (Hawks, Kites, Eagles, and allies):
  • Pandion haliaetus, Osprey+
  • Elanoides forficatus, Swallow-tailed Kite [Accidental]
  • Ictinia mississippiensis, Mississippi Kite [Accidental]
  • Haliaeetus leucocephalus, Bald Eagle*
  • Circus cyaneus, Northern Harrier+
  • Accipiter striatus, Sharp-shinned Hawk*
  • Accipiter cooperii, Cooper’s Hawk*
  • Accipiter gentiles, Northern Goshawk [Casual]
  • Buteo lineatus, Red-shouldered Hawk*
  • Buteo platypterus, Broad-winged Hawk*
  • Buteo swainsoni, Swainson’s Hawk [Accidental]
  • Buteo jamaicensis, Red-tailed Hawk*
  • Buteo lagopus, Rough-legged Hawk
  • Aquila chrysaetos, Golden Eagle [Casual]

    Family Falconidae (Falcons):
  • Falco sparverius, American Kestrel*
  • Falco columbarius, Merlin
  • Falco rusticolus, Gyrfalcon [Accidental]
  • Falco peregrinus, Peregrine Falcon+
  • ORDER GRUIFORMES
    Family Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, and Coots):
  • Coturnicops noveboracensis, Yellow Rail [Accidental]
  • Rallus elegans, King Rail [Accidental]
  • Rallus limicola, Virginia Rail+
  • Porzana carolina, Sora*
  • Gallinula chloropus, Common Moorhen* [Casual]
  • Fulica americana, American Coot*

    Family Gruidae (Cranes):
  • Grus canadensis, Sandhill Crane*
  • ORDER CHARADRIIFORMES
    Family Charadriidae (Plovers):
  • Pluvialis squatarola, Black-bellied Plover
  • Pluvialis dominica, American Golden-Plover
  • Charadrius semipalmatus, Semipalmated Plover
  • Charadrius melodus, Piping Plover* [Casual]
  • Charadrius vociferus, Killdeer*

    Family Recurvirostidae (Stilts and Avocets):
  • Recurvirostra americana, American Avocet

    Family Scolopacidae (Sandpipers, Phalaropes, and allies):
  • Tringa melanoleuca, Greater Yellowlegs
  • Trings flavipes, Lesser Yellowlegs
  • Tringa solitaria, Solitary Sandpiper
  • Catoptrophorus semipalmatus, Willet
  • Actitis macularia, Spotted Sandpiper*
  • Bartramia longicauda, Upland Sandpiper+ [Casual]
  • Numenius phaeopus, Whimbrel [Casual]
  • Limosa haemastica, Hudsonian Godwit [Accidental]
  • Limosa fedoa, Marbled Godwit [Casual]
  • Arenaria interpres, Ruddy Turnstone
  • Calidris canutus, Red Knot [Casual]
  • Calidris alba, Sanderling
  • Calidris pusilla, Semipalmated Sandpiper
  • Calidris mauri, Western Sandpiper [Accidental]
  • Calidris minutilla, Least Sandpiper
  • Calidris fusciocollis, White-rumped Sandpiper
  • Calidris bairdii, Baird’s Sandpiper
  • Calidris melanotos, Pectoral Sandpiper
  • Calidris maritima, Purple Sandpiper [Casual]
  • Calidris alpina, Dunlin
  • Calidris himantopus, Stilt Sandpiper [Casual]
  • Tryngites subruficollis, Buff-breasted Sandpiper
  • Limnodromus griseus, Short-billed Dowitcher
  • Limnodromus scolopaceus, Long-billed Dowitcher [Casual]
  • Gallinago gallinago, Common Snipe+
  • Scolopax minor, American Woodcock*
  • Phalaropus tricolor, Wilson’s Phalarope [Casual]
  • Phalaropus lobatus, Red-necked Phalarope [Accidental]
  • Phalaropus fulicaria, Red Phalarope [Accidental]

    Family Laridae (Gulls and Terns):
  • Larus atricilla, Laughing Gull [Casual]
  • Larus pipixcan, Franklin’s Gull [Casual]
  • Larus minutus, Little Gull
  • Larus ridibundus, Black-headed Gull [Accidental]
  • Larus philadelphia, Bonaparte’s Gull
  • Larus canus, Mew Gull [Accidental]
  • Larus delawarensis, Ring-billed Gull
  • Larus californicus, California Gull [Accidental]
  • Larus argentatus, Herring Gull
  • Larus thayeri, Thayer’s Gull
  • Larus glaucoides, Iceland Gull [Casual]
  • Larus fuscus, Lesser Black-backed Gull
  • Larus hyperboreus, Glaucous Gull
  • Larus marinus, Great Black-backed Gull
  • Xema sabini, Sabine’s Gull [Casual]
  • Rissa tridactyla, Black-legged Kittiwake [Casual]
  • Sternula antillarum, Least Tern [Accidental]
  • Hydroprogne caspia, Caspian Tern
  • Chlidonias niger, Black Tern+
  • Sterna dougallii, Roseate Tern [Accidental]
  • Sterna hirundo, Common Tern
  • Sterna paradisaea, Arctic Tern [Accidental]
  • Sterna forsteri, Forster’s Tern
  • Thalasseus sandvicensis, Sandwich Tern [Accidental]

    Family Stercorariidae (Jaegers):
  • Stercorarius pomarinus, Pomarine Jaeger [Accidental]
  • Stercorarius parasiticus, Parasitic Jaeger [Casual]
  • Stercorarius longicaudus, Long-tailed Jaeger [Accidental]
  • ORDER COLUMBIFORMES
    Family Columbidae (Pigeons and Doves):
  • Columba livia, Rock Pigeon* [Introduced]
  • Columba fasciata, Band-tailed Pigeon [Accidental]
  • Streptopelia decaocto, Eurasian Collared-Dove [Accidental & Introduced]
  • Zenaida macroura, Mourning Dove*
  • Ectopistes migratorius, Passenger Pigeon* [Extinct]
  • ORDER CUCULIFORMES
    Family Cuculidae (Cuckoos and Anis):
  • Coccyzus americanus, Yellow-billed Cuckoo*
  • Coccyzus erythropthalmus, Black-billed Cuckoo*
  • Crotophaga sp., ani [Accidental]
  • ORDER STRIGIFORMES
    Family Tytonidae (Barn Owls):
  • Tyto alba, Barn Owl* [Accidental]

    Family Strigidae (Typical Owls):
  • Otus asio, Eastern Screech-Owl*
  • Bubo virginianus, Great Horned Owl*
  • Bubo scandiaca, Snowy Owl
  • Athene cunicularia, Burrowing Owl [Accidental]
  • Strix varia, Barred Owl*
  • Asio otus, Long-eared Owl [Casual]
  • Asio flammeus, Short-eared Owl
  • Aegolius acadicus, Northern Saw-whet Owl [Casual]
  • ORDER CAPRIMULGIFORMES
    Family Caprimulgidae (Goadsuckers):
  • Chordeiles minor, Common Nighthawk*
  • Caprimulgus carolinensis, Chuck-will’s-widow [Accidental]
  • Caprimulgus vociferous, Whip-poor-will*
  • ORDER APODIFORMES
    Family Apodidae (Swifts):
  • Chaeturus pelagica, Chimney Swift*

    Family Trochilidae (Hummingbirds):
  • Archilochus colubris, Ruby-throated Hummingbird*
  • Selasphorus rufus, Rufous Hummingbird [Casual]
  • ORDER CORACIIFORMES
    Family Alcedinidae (Kingfishers):
  • Ceryle alcyon, Belted Kingfisher*
  • ORDER PICIFORMES
    Family Picidae (Woodpeckers and allies):
  • Melanerpes erythrocephalus, Red-headed Woodpecker*
  • Melanerpes carolinus, Red-bellied Woodpecker*
  • Sphyrapicus varius, Yellow-bellied Sapsucker+
  • Picoides pubescens, Downy Woodpecker*
  • Picoides villosus, Hairy Woodpecker*
  • Colaptes auratus, Northern Flicker*
  • Dryocopus pileatus, Pileated Woodpecker*
  • ORDER PASSERIFORMES
    Family Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers):
  • Contopus cooperi, Olive-sided Flycatcher
  • Contopus virens, Eastern Wood-Pewee*
  • Empidonax flaviventris, Yellow-bellied Flycatcher
  • Empidonax virescens, Acadian Flycatcher*
  • Empidonax alnorum, Alder Flycatcher+
  • Empidonax traillii, Willow Flycatcher*
  • Empidonax minimus, Least Flycatcher*
  • Sayornis phoebe, Eastern Phoebe*
  • Myiarchus crinitus, Great Crested Flycatcher
  • Tyrannus verticalis, Western Kingbird [Casual]
  • Tyrannus tyrannus, Eastern Kingbird*
  • Tyrannus forficatus, Scissor-tailed Flycatcher [Accidental]

    Family Laniidae (Shrikes):
  • Lanius ludovicianus, Loggerhead Shrike+ [Accidental]
  • Lanius excubitor, Northern Shrike

    Family Vireonidae (Vireos):
  • Vireo griseus, White-eyed Vireo*
  • Vireo bellii, Bell’s Vireo [Accidental]
  • Vireo flavifrons, Yellow-throated Vireo+
  • Vireo gilvus, Warbling Vireo*
  • Vireo philadelphicus, Philadelphia Vireo
  • Vireo olivaceus, Red-eyed Vireo*

    Family Corvidae (Jays and Crows):
  • Cyanocitta cristata, Blue Jay*
  • Corvus brachyrhynchos, American Crow*
  • Corvus corax, Common Raven+ [Accidental]

    Family Alaudidae (Larks):
  • Eremophila alpestris, Horned Lark*

    Family Hirundinidae (Swallows):
  • Progne subis, Purple Martin*
  • Tachycineta bicolor, Tree Swallow*
  • Stelgidopteryx serripennis, Northern Rough-winged Swallow*
  • Riparia riparia, Bank Swallow*
  • Petrochelidon pyrrhonota, Cliff Swallow*
  • Hirundo rustica, Barn Swallow*

    Family Paridae (Chickadees and Titmice):
  • Poecile atricapillus, Black-capped Chickadee*
  • Poecile hudsonicus, Boreal Chickadee [Accidental]
  • Baeolophus bicolor, Tufted Titmouse*

    Family Sittidae (Nuthatches):
  • Sitta canadensis, Red-breasted Nuthatch+
  • Sitta carolinensis, White-breasted Nuthatch*

    Family Certhiidae (Creepers):
  • Certhia americana, Brown Creeper+

    Family Troglodytidae (Wrens):
  • Thryothorus ludovicianus, Carolina Wren*
  • Thryomanes bewickii, Bewick’s Wren+ [Accidental]
  • Troglodytes aedon, House Wren*
  • Troglodytes troglodytes, Winter Wren
  • Cistothorus platensis, Sedge Wren+
  • Cistothorus palustris, Marsh Wren*

    Family Regulidae (Kinglets):
  • Regulus satrapa, Golden-crowned Kinglet
  • Regulus calendula, Ruby-crowned Kinglet

    Family Sylviidae (Gnatcatchers):
  • Polioptila caerulea, Blue-gray Gnatcatcher*

    Family Turdidae (Thrushes):
  • Sialia sialis, Eastern Bluebird*
  • Sialia currucoides, Mountain Bluebird [Accidental]
  • Catharus fuscescens, Veery*
  • Catharus minimus, Gray-cheeked Thrush
  • Catharus ustulatus, Swainson’s Thrush
  • Catharus guttatus, Hermit Thrush+
  • Hylocichla mustelina, Wood Thrush*
  • Turdus migratorius, American Robin*
  • Ixoreus naevius, Varied Thrush [Accidental]

    Family Mimidae (Mockingbirds and Thrashers):
  • Dumetella carolinensis, Gray Catbird*
  • Mimus polyglottos, Northern Mockinbird*
  • Toxostoma rufum, Brown Thrasher*

    Family Sturnidae (Starlings):
  • Sturnus vulgaris, European Starling* [Introduced]

    Family Motacillidae (Pipits):
  • Anthus rubescens, American Pipit

    Family Bombycillidae (Waxwings):
  • Bombycilla garrulus, Bohemian Waxwing [Accidental]
  • Bombycilla cedrorum, Cedar Waxwing*

    Family Parulidae (Wood-Warblers):
  • Vermivora pinus, Blue-winged Warbler*
  • Vermivora chrysoptera, Golden-winged Warbler+
  • Vermivora peregrina, Tennessee Warbler
  • Vermivora celata, Orange-crowned Warbler
  • Vermivora ruficapilla, Nashville Warbler
  • Parula americana, Northern Parula+
  • Dendroica petechia, Yellow Warbler*
  • Dendroica pensylvanica, Chestnut-sided Warbler+
  • Dendroica magnolia, Magnolia Warbler
  • Dendooica tigrina, Cape May Warbler
  • Dendroica caerulescens, Black-throated Blue Warbler
  • Dendroica coronata, Yellow-rumped Warbler
  • Dendroica virens, Black-throated Green Warbler*
  • Dendroica fusca, Blackburnian Warbler*
  • Dendroica dominica, Yellow-throated Warbler*
  • Dendroica pinus, Pine Warbler
  • Dendroica kirtlandii, Kirtland’s Warbler [Accidental]
  • Dendroica discolor, Prairie Warbler*
  • Dendroica palmarum, Palm Warbler
  • Dendroica castanea, Bay-breasted Warbler
  • Dendroica striata, Blackpoll Warbler
  • Dendroica cerulea, Cerulean Warbler*
  • Mniotilta varia, Black-and-white Warbler*
  • Setophaga ruticilla, American Redstart*
  • Protonotaria citrea, Worm-eating Warbler*
  • Seiurus aurocapillus, Ovenbird*
  • Seiurus noveboracensis, Northern Waterthrush
  • Seiurus motacilla, Louisiana Waterthrush*
  • Oporornis formosus, Kentucky Warbler
  • Oporornis agilis, Connecticut Warbler
  • Oporornis philadelphia, Mourning Warbler+
  • Geothlypis trichas, Common Yellowhtroat*
  • Wilsonia citrina, Hooded Warbler*
  • Wilsonia pusilla, Wilson’s Warbler
  • Icteria virens, Yellow-breasted Chat+

    Family Thraupidae (Tanagers):
  • Piranga rubra, Summer Tanager [Casual]
  • Piranga olivacea, Scarlet Tanager*
  • Piranga ludoviciana, Western Tanager [Accidental]

    Family Emberizidae (Emberizids):
  • Pipilo maculatus, Spotted Towhee [Accidental (see here)]
  • Pipilo erythrophthalmus, Eastern Towhee*
  • Spizella arborea, American Tree Sparrow
  • Spizella passerina, Chipping sparrow*
  • Spizella pallida, Clay-colored Sparrow+
  • Spizella pusilla, Field Sparrow*
  • Pooecetes grammineus, Vesper Sparrow*
  • Chondestes grammacus, Lark Sparrow+ [Accidental]
  • Calamospiza melanocorys, Lark Bunting [Accidental]
  • Passerculus sandwichensis, Savannah Sparrow*
  • Ammodramus savannarum, Grasshopper Sparrow+
  • Ammodramus henslowii, Henslow’s Sparrow+
  • Ammodramus leconteii, LeConte’s Sparrow [Accidental]
  • Passerella iliaca, Fox Sparrow
  • Melospiza melodia, Song Sparrow*
  • Melospiza lincolnii, Lincoln’s Sparrow
  • Melospiza georgiana, Swamp Sparrow*
  • Zonotrichia albicollis, White-throated Sparrow
  • Zonotrichia querula, Harris’s Sparrow [Casual]
  • Zonotrichia leucophrys, White-crowned Sparrow
  • Junco hyemalis, Dark-eyed Junco
  • Calcarius lapponicus, Lapland Longspur
  • Plectrophenax nivalis, Snow Bunting

    Family Cardinalidae (Cardinals and allies):
  • Pheucticus ludovicianus, Rose-breasted Grosbeak*
  • Guiraca caerulea, Blue Grosbeak [Accidental]
  • Passerina cyanea, Indigo Bunting*
  • Passerina ciris, Painted Bunting [Accidental]
  • Spiza americana, Dickcissel*

    Family Icteridae (Blackbirds):
  • Dolichonyx oryzivorus Bobolink*
  • Agelaius phoeniceus, Red-winged Blackbird*
  • Sturnella magna, Eastern Meadowlark*
  • Sturnella neglecta, Western Meadowlark*
  • Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus, Yellow-headed Blackbird+ [Casual]
  • Euphagus carolinas, Rusty Blackbird
  • Euphagus cyanocephalus, Brewer’s Blackbird
  • Quiscalus quiscalus, Common Grackle*
  • Molothrus ater, Brown-headed Cowbird*
  • Icterus spurius, Orchard Oriole*
  • Icterus galbula, Baltimore Oriole*

    Family Fringillidae (Finches and allies):
  • Fringilla montifringilla, Brambling [Accidental]
  • Pinicola enucleator, Pine Grosbeak [Accidental]
  • Carpodacus purpureus, Purple Finch
  • Carpodacus mexicanus, House Finch* [Introduced]
  • Loxia curvirostra, Red Crossbill [Accidental]
  • Loxia leucoptera, White-winged Crosbill [Casual]
  • Carduelis flammea, Common Redpoll
  • Carduelis hornemanni, Hoary Redpoll [Accidental]
  • Carduelis pinus, Pine Siskin
  • Carduelis tristis, American Goldfinch*
  • Coccothraustes vespertinus, Evening Grosbeak [Casual]

    Family Passeridae (Old World Sparrows)
  • Passer domesticus, House Sparrow* [Introduced]
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