Monday, March 08, 2010

Avian Tautonyms

Disclaimer: The idea for this post comes from a brief discussion topic on the BirdChat listserv that was started by Ken Blackshaw on 03/06/2010. The information provided below was researched personally by me.

In biology, a tautonym is an informal term used to indicate a scientific name of a species in which both parts (i.e., the genus name and the specific epithet) have the same spelling, as in Cardinalis cardinalis for Northern Cardinal. Using the nomenclature of the IOC World Bird List, I have identified 83 avian tautonyms. Where the common name recognized by the Clements Checklist differs from that recognized by the IOC (as reflected in Avibase), the Clements name appears in brackets.
  • Alle alle, Little Auk [Dovekie]
  • Amandava amandava, Red Avadavat
  • Amazilia amazlia, Amazilia Hummingbird
  • Anhinga anhinga, Anhinga
  • Anser anser, Greylag Goose [Graylag Goose]
  • Apus apus, Common Swift
  • Buteo buteo, Common Buzzard
  • Bubo bubo, Eurasian Eagle-Owl
  • Cardinalis cardinalis, Northern Cardinal
  • Carduelis carduelis, European Goldfinch
  • Casuarius casuarius, Southern Cassowary
  • Ciconia ciconia, White Stork
  • Cinclus cinclus, White-throated Dipper
  • Coccothraustes coccothraustes, Hawfinch
  • Cochlearius cochlearius, Boat-billed Heron
  • Coeligena coeligena, Bronzy Inca
  • Colius colius, White-backed Mousebird
  • Coscoroba coscoroba, Coscoroba Swan
  • Cotinga cotinga, Purple-breasted Cotinga
  • Coturnix coturnix, Common Quail
  • Crex crex, Corn Crake
  • Crossoptilon crossoptilon, White Eared Pheasant [White Eared-Pheasant]
  • Curaeus curaeus, Austral Blackbird
  • Cyanicterus cyanicterus, Blue-backed Tanager
  • Cygnus cygnus, Whooper Swan
  • Diuca diuca, Common Diuca-Finch
  • Dives dives, Melodious Blackbird
  • Ensifera ensifera, Sword-billed Hummingbird
  • Francolinus francolinus, Black Francolin
  • Galbula galbula, Green-tailed Jacamar
  • Gallinago gallinago, Common Snipe
  • Gallus gallus, Red Junglefowl
  • Grus grus, Common Crane
  • Guira guira, Guira Cuckoo
  • Himantopus himantopus, Black-winged Stilt
  • Histrionicus histrionicus, Harlequin Duck
  • Icterus icterus, Venezuelen Troupial [Troupial]
  • Indicator indicator, Greater Honeyguide
  • Jacana jacana, Wattled Jacana
  • Ketupa ketupa, Buffy Fish Owl [Buffy Fish-Owl]
  • Lagopus lagopus, Willow Ptarmigan
  • Lerwa lerwa, Snow Partridge
  • Limosa limosa, Black-tailed Godwit
  • Luscinia luscinia, Thrush Nightingale
  • Manacus manacus, White-bearded Manakin
  • Mascarinus mascarinus, Mascarene Parrot
  • Melanodera melanodera, White-bridled Finch [Canary-winged Finch]
  • Milvus milvus, Red Kite
  • Mitu mitu, Alagoas Curassow
  • Nycticorax nycticorax, Black-crowned Night Heron
  • Oenanthe oenanthe, Northern Wheatear
  • Oriolus oriolus, Eurasian Golden Oriole
  • Pauxi pauxi, Northern Helmeted Curassow [Helmeted Curassow]
  • Perdix perdix, Grey Partridge [Gray Partridge]
  • Petronia petronia, Rock Sparrow [Rock Petronia]
  • Phoenicurus phoenicurus, Common Redstart
  • Pica pica, Eurasian Magpie
  • Pipile pipile, Trinidad Piping Guan
  • Pipra pipra, White-crowned Manakin
  • Poliocephalus poliocephalus, Hoary-headed Grebe
  • Porphyrio porphyrio, Purple Swamphen
  • Porphyrolaema porphyrolaema, Purple-throated Cotinga
  • Porzana porzana, Spotted Crake
  • Puffinus puffinus, Manx Shearwater
  • Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax, Red-billed Chough
  • Pyrrhula pyrrhula, Eurasian Bullfinch
  • Quelea quelea, Red-billed Quelea
  • Regulus regulus, Goldcrest
  • Riparia riparia, Sand Martin [Bank Swallow]
  • Rupicola rupicola, Guianan Cock-of-the-rock
  • Serinus serinus, European Serin
  • Suiriri suiriri, Suiriri Flycatcher
  • Sula sula, Red-footed Booby
  • Tadorna tadorna, Common Shelduck
  • Tchagra tchagra, Southern Tchagra
  • Temnurus temnurus, Ratchet-tailed Treepie
  • Tetrax tetrax, Little Bustard
  • Todus todus, Jamaican Tody
  • Troglydytes troglodytes, Winter Wren
  • Tyrannus tyrannus, Eastern Kingbird
  • Vanellus vanellus, Northern Lapwing
  • Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus, Yellow-headed Blackbird
  • Xenopirostris xenopirostris, Lafresnaye’s Vanga

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